MARCHE - Population
A population ageing but still growing slightly
The population density in Marche is below the national average. In 2001, it equalled 151.7 inhabitants per km2, compared to the national figure of 192. It is highest in the province of Ancona (231.2 inhabitants per km2), and lowest in the province of Macerata (108.7 inhabitants per km2).
Between 1952 and 1967 the population of the region decreased by 1.7% as a result of a negative migration balance, well above the national average, with a rate varying between 4.9% and 10.0%. per 1000 inhabitants. In the same period the natural balance of the population was positive, but lower than the national average and not able to counterbalance the negative net migration. Although the natural balance continued declining till 1971, the total net balance of the population started being positive from 1968.
Between 1990 and 2001 the population of Marche increased in number by 3.3%, reaching 1 469 million persons in 2001.
The birth rate in the region fell substantially between 1952 and 1987 - from 16.4 per thousand to 8.3 per thousand. In 2001 it reached 8.2 per thousand, below the national average of 9.2.
Conversely, the mortality rate is just above the national average. In 2001, it equalled 10.1 per thousand, compared to 9.5 for Italy as a whole.
In 2001, the region registered 12 100 births and 14 900 deaths.
Analysing the population's composition regarding age-groups, it can be noticed that the population is ageing. Compared to the national figures, the region appears to be characterised by a lower share of young generations and a higher share of the older age groups. In 2001, the share of young people living in Marche (under 25 years of age) was equal to 23.6% of the total population, whereas the share of those over 65 years of age was 21.5%.
The level of immigration in Marche largely exceeds that of emigration. Between 1990 and 1998, immigration in Marche was equal to 33 215 persons, and emigration to 8 708 persons.
In 2001, 41 600 persons with foreign nationality were registered in Marche.