11.20 . Definition:
In accordance with the norms established by the International Labour
Organisation (thirteenth International Conference of Labour Statisticians), the ‘unemployed’ comprise all persons above a specified age who during the reference period
a) ‘without work’, i.e. not in paid employment or self-employment;
b) ‘currently available for work’, i.e. were available for paid employment or self-employment during the
reference period; and
c) ‘seeking work’, i.e. had taken specific steps in a specified recent period to seek paid
employment or self-employment.
The specific steps may include registration at a public or private employment
exchange; application to employers; checking at worksites, farms, factory
gates, market or other assembly places; placing or answering newspaper
advertisements; seeking assistance of friends or relatives; looking for land, building,
machinery or equipment to establish own enterprise; arranging for financial
resources; applying for permits and licences, etc.
11.21 . Definition:
Unemployment rates represent unemployed persons as a percentage of the
economically active population.
They are usually calculated for sex-age groups and sometimes further
cross-classified by other demographic variables such as marital status, qualifications